Contrary to what is believed, acne can occur at any stage of life, even when we are already Adults. According to data from the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venerology (AEDV), the prevalence of acne in people over 24 years of age is 3% in males and between 11 and a 12% in women. This means that it currently affects almost 3 million women in our country alone.
In most cases, acne in adults occurs because the fat generated by the sebaceous glands clog the skin pores, facilitating the development of bacteria, which cause an infection and an inflammatory process that forms the characteristic pimples of acne. Although another cause may be a hormonal alteration, in men due to an excess production of androgens, and in women due to an imbalance during menstruation, pregnancy or menopause. He stress can also cause blemishessince it increases the secretion of cortisol, a hormone that acts in a similar way to androgens.
Although this condition is something normal that should not worry us, the main problem that we can find is the scars that it leaves behind. According to him doctor Guillermo Villalón, member of GEDET (Spanish group of aesthetic and therapeutic dermatology of the AEDV), “you have to see a dermatologist if we have a family history first-degree acne that has caused scars, deep inflammatory or nodular acne or acne that is very persistent over time, of years of return”. In these cases, dermatologists will know which are the best treatments for us.
On the other hand, if we suffer from acne that does not meet the above characteristics, we can opt for conventional treatments and build a good facial routine with active ingredients that help us eliminate these blemishes without damaging our skin. “People who have acne, although most of them have oily skin, their skin/epidermal barrier is altered, making them more vulnerable. That’s why we have to apply friendly products and avoid irritations of it“, explains the doctor José Luis López Estebaranzdermatologist and director of the DermoMedic Clinic.
To say goodbye once and for all to acne, we have consulted a series of experts who have given us the keys we need with the essential steps to have a skin totally free of imperfections and without a single mark.
1. A good facial cleansing
If we do not follow an adequate treatment or a correct daily routine acne can be aggravatedespecially if we make the serious mistake of touching our pimples (which ends up leaving marks), so a good facial cleansing is essential.
“Hygiene is essential. cleaning at least twice a daywhich facilitates the reduction of bacterial overcolonization and also allows the removal of horny debris that obstructs the follicles”, explains Dr. Guillermo Villalón. For this, we must choose a good cleanser that helps us clean the pore and fat without drying it out.
A cleaner that perfectly fulfills this task is the Aqua Bomb Jelly Cleanser of Belif (€25.99). This gelatin that turns into a rich and soft foam in contact with water, effectively removing all impurities and traces of makeup with fine bubbles that do not damage or dry out the skin.
2. Treatment with hydration
The skin barrier in acne-prone skin is altered, making it more sensitive, with an easy tendency to become irritated if we do not offer highly tolerant cosmetics. Also, this tends to dry out more easilyoften as a consequence of the prescribed treatments.
“We must use a moisturizing product with keratolytic active ingredients such as salicylic acid and glycolic acid and sebum-regulating and moisturizing active ingredients. In addition, using emollients such as glycerin, which is widely used in cosmetics or antioxidants, is essential,” adds Dr. José Luis López Estebaranz.
A good option is Sebium Kerato + by Bioderma (€18.95), a treatment that reduces pimples, blackheads and acne marks in 2 days, as well as preventing their recurrence, without irritating the skin. It is composed of 1.8% salicylic acid, a benchmark active ingredient in the treatment of acne, and 10% malic acid ester, known for its multifunctional properties on lipid cement. Does not dry out, does not irritate and provides up to 8 hours of hydration.
3. Use sunscreen daily
It is essential to use a sunscreen daily, since ultraviolet radiation is harmful to acne and could even aggravate it. In addition, certain medications for its treatment cause the skin to be more sensitive and vulnerable, so it is essential to protect it. We can opt for photoprotectors that have a light texture and a matte effect, which help control shine. Also, if we opt for a product that also has color, we can replace it with the makeup base and we will achieve a matte effect on the skin.
“We cannot choose any photoprotector for any type of skin, each skin is different and each skin has a specific need, so we have to choose specific sunscreens with selected active ingredients that adapt to our skin”, concludes dermatologist María Rogel.
In addition to a silky finish, the sunscreen Fusion Water Color SPF50 from ISDIN (€22.99) is oil-free, combats photoaging thanks to hyaluronic acid and antioxidant active ingredients, and is formulated with a gelled mesh that minimizes the oily phase of the product, so it won’t clog pores and won’t leave a heavy feeling on the skin. the skin. On the other hand, by wearing color it manages to unify the skin tone and hide dark circles and blemishes.
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